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Research on Gun Violence

Research on Gun Violence

I share here some of the resources I have read and come across in my research on school shooting fiction. Some of it is directly related to my project, while other sources inform discussions about gun violence, race, or embodiment. I hope to add to this resource guide and organize it into categories based on its content for others to use.

You can see a simplified list of the school shooting fiction archive here. 

The Research

Alemany, Jacqueline. “White House Considers New Project Seeking Links Between Mental Health and Violent Behavior.” The Washington Post, 22 Aug. 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/08/22/white-house-considers-new-project-seeking-links-between-mental-health-violent-behavior/?noredirect=on.

Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. The New P, 2012.

ALICE Training Institute. “Active Shooter Training Components.” ALICE Training Institute, https://www.alicetraining.com/our-program/alice-training/. Accessed 20 Feb. 2018.

Berlant, Lauren. The Queen of American Goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship. Duke UP, 1997.

Blair, J. Pete, and Katherine W. Schweit. A Study of Active Shooter Incidents, 2000 - 2013. Texas State University and Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C. 2014.

Böckler, Nils, et al. School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention. Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.

Brooks, David. "The Columbine Killers: Op-Ed." New York Times, Apr 24, 2004. 

CDC. “Understanding School Violence: Fact Sheet.” CDC, 2016, https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/School_Violence_Fact_Sheet-a.pdf

Chavez, Edna Lizbeth. “Ricardo Was His Name.” March for Our Lives, 24 Mar. 2019, Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. Youtube, March for Our Lives, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sy_ZVjDJxAs

Chen, Charlene Y., et al.“Racial and Mental Illness Stereotypes and Discrimination: An Identity-Based Analysis of the Virginia Tech and Columbine Shootings.” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, vol. 21, no. 2, 2015, pp. 279-287. 

Clinton, William J. Remarks on the Attack at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, and an Exchange with Reporters. 20 Apr. 1999, The American Presidency Project,  http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=57429. Accessed 13 Feb. 2018.

Cullen, Dave. Columbine. Twelve, 2009.  

—-. Columbine Teacher’s Guide. 2017, http://www.columbine-instructor-guide.com/.

—-. DaveCullen.com. https://www.davecullen.com/

“Disasters—People in Peril.” Enslow Publishing, 2019, http://www.enslow.com/series/disasters_people_in_peril/336#.XWbcKzfYrnE

Drysdale, Diana A. et al. Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education. U.S. Secret Service, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, U.S. Department of Education, and Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, D.C., 2010.

Egan, Timothy. "Moms and Guns: Op-Ed." New York Times, Oct 11, 2015. 

“ENOUGH: National School Walkout.” Women’s March Youth EMPOWER. The Action Network, https://www.actionnetwork.org/event_campaigns/enough-national-school-walkout

Everytown Research. “Gun Violence in America.” Everytown for Gun Safety Support Fund, 2019. https://everytownresearch.org/gun-violence-america/

—-.“The Impact of Gun Violence on Children and Teens.” Everytown for Gun Safety Support Fund, 2019. https://everytownresearch.org/impact-gun-violence-american-children-teens

González, Emma. “Six Minutes and Twenty Seconds.” March for Our Lives, 24 Mar. 2019, Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. Youtube, March for Our Lives, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M6VnYXv2grU

Hasday, Judy. 2002. Forty-Nine Minutes of Madness: The Columbine High School Shooting. Enslow, 2011.

Hilton, Leon J. “Avonte’s Law: Autism, Wandering, and the Racial Surveillance of Neurological Difference.” African American Review, vol. 50, no. 2, 2017, pp. 221-235. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/665374

Jamieson, Amber. “March for Our Lives Knows They Got One Big Thing Wrong. As They Head into 2020, They're Fixing It.” Buzzfeed News, 6 Aug. 2019, https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/amberjamieson/march-for-our-lives-parkland-mfol-diversity-gun-violence

Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office. “Narrative Time Line of Events.” Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office, CNN, 15 May 2000, CNN. http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2000/columbine.cd/Pages/NARRATIVE.Time.Line.htm

Jonson, Cheryl Lero. “Preventing School Shootings: The Effectiveness of Safety Measures.” Victims & Offenders, vol. 12, no. 6, Nov. 2017, pp. 956–73. CrossRef, doi:10.1080/15564886.2017.1307293.

Kafer, Alison. Feminist, Queer, Crip. Indiana UP, 2013.

Kalish, Rachel, and Michael Kimmel. “Suicide by Mass Murder: Masculinity, Aggrieved Entitlement, and Rampage School Shootings.” Health Sociology Review, vol. 19, no. 4, Dec. 2010, pp. 451–64. CrossRef, doi:10.5172/hesr.2010.19.4.451.

Kiilakoski, Tomi, and Atte Oksanen. “Soundtrack of the School Shootings: Cultural Script, Music and Male Rage.” YOUNG, vol. 19, no. 3, Aug. 2011, pp. 247–69. CrossRef, doi:10.1177/110330881101900301.

King, Stephen. Guns. Philtrum, 2013.

Kusz, Kyle W. “’I Want to Be the Minority’: The Politics of Youthful White Masculinities in Sport and Popular Culture in 1990s America.” Journal of Sport and Social Issues, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 390-416, 1 Nov. 2001. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723501254004.  

Langman, Peter. “Thirty-Five Rampage School Shooters: Trends, Patterns, and Typology.”  School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention, edited by Nils Böckler et al., Springer Science & Business Media, 2012, pp. 131-156.

—-. Why Kids Kill: Inside the Minds of School Shooters. St. Martin’s, 2009. 

Lankford, Adam. “Race and Mass Murder in the United States: A Social and Behavioral Analysis.” Current Sociology, vol. 64, no. 3, 2016, pp. 470-490.

Larkin, Ralph W. “The Columbine Legacy: Rampage Shootings as Political Acts.” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 52, no. 9, May 2009, pp. 1309–26. CrossRef, doi:10.1177/0002764209332548.

Leonard, David J. “Illegible Black Death, Legible White Pain: Denied Media, Mourning, and Mobilization in an Era of ‘Post-Racial’ Gun Violence.” Cultural Studies↔ Critical Methodologies, vol. 17, no. 2, 2017, pp. 101–109.

Linder, Kathryn E. Rampage Violence Narratives: What Fictional Accounts of School Shootings Say about the Future of America’s Youth. Lexington, 2014.

McCrummen, Stephanie. "In Gun-Loving North Dakota, One Activist Pushes for Gun Control." The Washington Post, Feb 22, 2013. 

Melendez, Michael S., et al. “Mothers of Mass Murderers: Exploring Public Blame for the Mothers of School Shooters through an Application of Courtesy Stigma to the Columbine and Newtown Tragedies.” Deviant Behavior, vol. 37, no. 5, May 2016, pp. 525–36. CrossRef, doi:10.1080/01639625.2015.1060754.

Nelson, Linnea, Victor Leung, and Jessica Cobb. The Right to Remain a Student: How California School Policies Fail to Protect and Serve. ACLU of California, Oct. 2016, https://www.aclunc.org/sites/default/files/20161019-the_right_to_remain_a_student-aclu_california_0.pdf

Newman, Katherine, and Cybelle Fox. “Repeat Tragedy: Rampage Shootings in American High School and College Settings, 2002-2008.” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 52, no. 9, May 2009, pp. 1286–308. CrossRef, doi:10.1177/0002764209332546.

Newman, Katherine S., et al. Rampage : The Social Roots of School Shootings. Basic Books, 2004. 

Patel, Jugal K. “After Sandy Hook, More Than 400 People Have Been Shot in Over 200 School Shootings.” The New York Times, 15 Feb. 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/02/15/us/school-shootings-sandy-hook-parkland.html

Pinals, Debra A., et al. “American Psychiatric Association: Position Statement on Firearm Access, Acts of Violence and the Relationship to Mental Illness and Mental Health Services: APA Position Statement on Firearm Access.” Behavioral Sciences & the Law, vol. 33, no. 2–3, June 2015, pp. 195–98. CrossRef, doi:10.1002/bsl.2180.

Price, Margaret. Mad at School: Rhetorics of Mental Disability and Academic Life. U of Michigan P, 2011.

Rabin, Jenna. “Five 10th Graders Share Whether They Think Columbine Is an Appropriate School Reading Book.” The Odyssey, 22 Dec. 2017. https://www.theodysseyonline.com/5-student-opinions-columbine-read-school

Ramey, David M. “The Social Structure of Criminalized and Medicalized School Discipline.” Sociology of Education, vol. 88, no. 3, July 2015, pp. 181–201, doi:10.1177/0038040715587114.

Rico, Andrew Ryan. “Fans of Columbine Shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold.” Transformative Works and Cultures, vol. 20, 2015.

Schildkraut, Jaclyn, and H. Jaymi Elsass. Mass Shootings: Media, Myths, and Realities: Media, Myths, and Realities. Praeger/ABC-CLIO, 2016.

"Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing on Gun Violence on Jan. 30, 2013 (Transcript)." The Washington Post, Jan 30, 2013.

Swanson, Jeffrey W., and Alan R. Felthous. “Guns, Mental Illness, and the Law: Introduction to This Issue.” Behavioral Sciences and the Law, vol. 22, 2015, pp. 167-177. DOI: 10.1002/bsl.2178. 

Vise, David A., and Kenneth J. Cooper. “FBI Opposes the Profiling of Students.” The Washington Post, 7 Sept. 2000, pp. A3.

Wadler, Naomi. “Tell the Stories That Are Not Told.” March for Our Lives, 24 Mar. 2019, Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. Youtube, March for Our Lives, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kSDA5JYwr0I.

Watts, Ivan Eugene, and Nirmala Erevelles. “These Deadly Times: Reconceptualizing School Violence by Using Critical Race Theory and Disability Studies.” American Educational Research Journal, vol. 41, no. 2, 2004, pp. 271–299.

Weikle-Mills, Courtney. Imaginary Citizens: Child Readers and the Limits of American Independence, 1640-1868. Johns Hopkins UP, 2012.